At the end of the Zittau basin, at the beginning of the romantic cut-out valley of the Neiße, the small town Rosenthal lies, a Hirschfelde district for decades. On a narrow area the houses nestle to the steep valley wall and only on the edge of the plateau a few farmhouses emerged.
Rosenthal is more than 700 years old. In 1595, it was bought by Zittau. After the Thirty Years War the village was depopulated, it was, among others, repopulated by Bohemian and Moravian exiles who worked as home weavers. In 1847, the first Saxon flax spinning mill was established operating until 2000.
Since the end of the 19th century, the picturesque town image was preserved without almost any alterations. Rosenthal is the starting point for popular walking tours in the Neiße valley to the Marienthal Monastery or for walking tours in the deep monastery forest, a mixed and coniferous forest with rocky cliffs, short, steep streams and a wasteland- an village abandoned in the 17th century.